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Have you ever try to figure out the range of your knowledge about drones? Google is your friend but most information is scattered. Therefore we’re going to shed some light on drone technology to not bullying you with a tone of irrelevant information.

10 things you didn’t know about drones

There’s growing curiosity about the drones, what they do, what parts of the industry they involved and what kind of services they can offer. We have pointed out all of these questions and make a quick quiz for you. To make our queries more attractive try to answer the question before you read the explanation to see how much you know about the drone’s world. 

1. How many drone categories we have in terms of usability?

Well, definitely you know the first one which is Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAW). Next ones are:

  • – Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV)
  • – Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (USV)
  • – Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV)
  • – High Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS)

2. In what manner can you classify drones?

Sounds like the answer for the previous question? Nothing further from the truth. In a matter of the number of engines and their power in drone, we can distinguish four drones categories:

– tricopters
– quadcopters
– hexacopters
– octocopters

On the picture below you can see octocopter:

EduDrone 10 things you didn't know about drones

3. For what kind of devices drones might be equipped?

To be more accurate, there is plenty of them. Today’s drone usage is huge and still evolving. We will name just a few of them, which are the most important in the drone industry. They can bring tools like cameras, thermal cameras, telemetry, radar, sensors, GPS systems, remote control data acquisitions boards, tablets, and even smartphones.

4. Regardless of the type of drones, what are their most important features?

One by one:

– maximum operating distance 
– flight/ travel duration
– flight/ displacement speed
– connectivity
– the navigation system used
– type and number of sensors
– the onboard GPS system

5. How to build a drone?

Of course, we are not talking about ready solutions available on the store shelf. Imagine you have to build a drone from scratch. What will be your first step? 

First: You need to have minimal knowledge of electronics and IT. As things stand, you will be one step ahead to make your own drone. 

Second: Collect the component parts and materials necessary to make a drone. You can easily purchase some components, otherwise, use the 3D printer which is honestly speaking, irreplaceable here.

Third: Grab the list of components you need: drone frame, motors, controllers, speed regulator for brushless motors, propellers, batteries, RC Transmitter/Receiver and other optional components (GPS modules, sensors, gyroscope, receiver, etc).

What’s next? Jump to question number 8, here is the answer.

6. Which exact composite you can use to build drone skeleton?

It might be either carbon fiber, aluminum, glass fiber, wood or PLA (3D printing materials).

The ground rule is that composites need to be light, robust and rigid to minimize vibrations.

7. What sort of electric motors you can use to build a drone?

There are two of them: brush motors dedicated for smaller drones and brushless motors used on larger drones.

8. What is the step by step guidance to compose the drone?

  1. Assembling the drone frame
  2. Mounting of electronic components on the frame
  3. Connecting the electronic components
  4. Programming the controller

9. Is it possible to fly over the airport controlled zone (in Poland)?

Any uncontrolled flights made under airport controlled zones are not permitted, even prohibited! There is one exception so you have to obtain permission from the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency 7 days in advance.

10. Apart from the drone technology, are you able to decode STEM abbreviation?

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. It is not straightaway related to drone but closely linked together. These fields contain the critical 21st-century skills they need to succeed, also in drone technology. 

EduDrone Project

This post idea was taken based on the project we made together with EduDrone. The main character was to create guideline for drone users. It’s a perfect published compendium for anybody, from the beginners to more advanced users, who need technical guidance for a drone, applications, and legislation. 

You can view or download full “GUIDELINES ON THE USE OF DRONES IN VET” 📤 

For more information please visit the official EduDrone website

EduDrone 10 things you didn't know about drones

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In general, drones are hard to categorize in terms of functionality, the matter of using etc. By means of it, people love to see experiments with drone usage, especially hobbyists. And likely there will be one more category for now. Try to figure it out rely on the description below.

On the ground looks like a tank, equipped with Kevlar belts and a coreless motor. In the air, it’s like a quadcopter, with propellers and HD camera. Thus you’ll get it… tankcopter. Tank and drone in one machine. Meet with Xerall, all-terrain drone which is the icing on the cake in drone’s industry.

5 key facts you should know about Xerall 

1.First flying tank

It performs well either on the ground and sky. Xerall is a hybrid machine designed for all-terrain operations. It can smoothly drive through the rugged or rocky terrain.

Explore new areas like a hiding place, tight gaps or rough ground for an effective locomotion system. Obstacles? Well, not applicable. Get a feel of control with just one click and rise up in the sky. Enjoy the moments and capture amazing footage with an HD camera.

2. Admired by Casey Neistat; starring in Expendables 3

While visiting Poland, Casey Neistat checked Xerall’s possibilities and appreciate the design. He has also taken an interest for getting foreseen Carcopter. More juicy stories? Well, Xerall performed alongside Sylvester Stallone. And yes, you heard it well and this is not a trick at all. Watch The Expendables 3 and check Xerall’s frame. All that being said there are no doubts X-tankcopter already hit the global market. And the small piece of celebrity world either.

3. A ton of fun to fly, safety for use and no extra license required

You can feel like a kid driving by inaccessible terrains and explore new places. Xerall is a perfect gadget for hobbyists and photographers. It weighs only 125g so you don’t need any special license.
Control the drone with the wireless controller or use a smartphone app. For virtual reality geeks, there is a VR headset. Compact design, safety in use and various possibilities in capturing the space making it one of a kind hybrid drone.
Feel like a kid searching for a treasure in inaccessible places or capture a glimpse that brings you a lot of fun. Xerall gives you a possibility to get shots from everywhere.

4. Made by robotics expert

Xerall was founded by Witold Mielniczek, the real drone enthusiast. During his educational pathway in the UK he had come up with an idea to develop Xerall and, it must be said, Witek has always been fascinated by robotics and forward-looking technology projects.
The X-tankcopter is purely innovative and futuristic. So much capability to use it.

5. With an eye to creating Carcopter

It is just the beginning of drones’ goal as rapid change is coming. 2019 is booked for Carcopter – the first flying car dedicated for more advanced users. This invention will be earthshaking for the traditional air and car industry. Imagine the vehicle who can keep humans on board and bring them to travel smoothly and quick. You don’t have to visualize it – visit the official Xerall website in autumn 2019 and see the next car generation. 

We believe Xerall is the key project and a huge step forward for drone technology. And in fact, the Drone industry is still booming. Looking forward to seeing Carcopter. 

You can shop Xerall at Indiegogo campaign clicking here:

Visit the official Xerall website:

Have you already heard about this all-terrain drone? Share your thoughts in comments. 

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Poland has put forth amendments to current drone laws.

On 31st of January 2019 Civil Aviation Office in Poland has revealed new regulations for drone operations that open new uses for unnamed aircraft.  Rapid evolution of drone industry claimed that rules and regulations must change. Certainly drones’ future possibilities are boundless.

Big  change for hobbyist and professionalists

Drone enthusiasts are more than happy with new rule adoption as this is a great boost and turning point for Polish drone industry. New principles will bring uniformity to the current UAVs environment and helps drone industry reach its full potential.

New legislation is giving support in drone’s implementation dedicated for professionals and enthusiasts without needing to file paperwork. Since new rules were implemented, it is clear which registrations are necessary.

There was a long way to achieve it

It comes from the back of previous drone principles adopted in 2016. New restrictions took effect  and Civil Aviation Office has forced to issued upon request over 10k certificate of competency. That was an unforeseen and massive amount of inquiries in that time. The goal was to respond for quick and rapid development that began to happen.  

In a nutshell, what you need to know about new key changes?

– Allow for BVLOS and autonomous flight operations in civil airspace without differentiating civilian airspace.

– Legal requirement for drone owners to register their craft with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). This refer to BLVOS flights.

– Allow for making FPV flight without official registration

– Excluding the state examination for UAV operators for VLOS flight; drone must weigh less than 5kg.

– Allow minors to fly under adult supervision

– New regulation will carve out the groundwork rules for commercial flights eliminating any ambiguity or doubts.

Polish Civil Aviation Authority is determined to ensure drones are used safely and securely. Aviation principles are set up for supporting future drone innovations and rapidly-changing drone market.

We believe these rules will make sense and will do a huge step forward in Polish drone industry.

Cervi Robotics, headed by CEO Vadym Melnyk, is a member of Polish Chamber of Unmanned Aerial Systems (Polska Izba Systemów Bezzałogowych), thus we support and build public awareness of security and unusual drone capabilities.

For more information see our drone projects and contact with us ( 

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In the air of Jasionka, our drones have to step aside airplanes. However, a military facility in the Czech Republic is a perfect place for the successful test of new improvements.
On 22 August, we teamed up with BizGarden and GINA to test freshly elements of the system of our solution. On the first day, we focused on preparations. Getting to know the agenda and presentation of the drone were key points of the meeting.
The challenge started on the second day. Our drone got a special task. In the area of the size of two football grounds, were hidden two probes of radioactive substances. The drone had to detect them with its radiation sensors. Did brave boy do well?
Obviously! It took only one flight to find the probes. Both new drone and the radiation sensor did a great job!
Positiveness of tests gives high hopes for using drones for inspecting contaminated areas in search of radiation sources. Not only is this solution safer for humans but also cheaper for routine use.
We are proud to report that our mission of changing the world with technology is going excellent!

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We haven’t seen you during Low Latency Summit. But no worries! We have a short recap for you.
What was the event about? This is the summary of the Low Latency Prototyping program Cervi Robotics has been taking part in. It’s all about 5G, which gives a wide range of possibilities for various industries. It’s much more than just a faster internet! Low Latency is one of the advantages of 5G. Our job as a Solution Partner was to solve some real problem using this technology.

We love drones. Guess no surprise here. That’s why we gave an upgrade to the flight of traditional drones. A few months of work brought a stabilization and indoor navigation system using Low Latency. Our solution is not only 20x cheaper but also more stable than rival companies’ products.

Low Latency Summit in Bonn was the time of presentation of our project. This event gathered many inspiring people from both business and technology, including representatives of Deutsche Telekom, Hubraum and Huawei. Along with other solution partners, we had some time for a follow-up and summary of the project. Then we had the whole demo area with flying drones, where participants had a chance to see how the drone can fly stable using Low Latency networks.

What was the best part? For Cervi Robotics it was the possibility to meet potential business partners. During the Summit, we also got to know quite a few cutting-edge innovative startups. It was a chance to exchange experiences and begin other world-changing projects together.

See our introduction:

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W tym roku Cervi Robotics miało przyjemność uczestniczyć w European Start-up Days, wydarzeniu będącego częścią Europejskiego Kongresu Gospodarczego, który miał miejsce w Katowicach. Jubileuszowa dziesiąta edycja przyciągnęła ponad 11 500 osób! Nasz projekt tworzony z Pentacompem został zakwalifikowany do ESD jako jeden ze 100 najbardziej innowacyjnych start-upów regionu CEE. Co szczególnego zadecydowało o kwalifikacji naszego rozwiązania? Dlaczego przyciągnęło uwagę samego Premiera RP, Pana Mateusza Morawieckiego?

Mowa o Airvein. To system dostarczania przesyłek dronami na terenach miejskich. To szansa, aby przenieść przesyłki, zarówno medyczne, jak i te bardziej powszednie, na wyższy poziom.
W tym projekcie rolą Cervi Robotics jest stworzenie hardware’u. Innymi słowy, całej infrastruktury niezbędnej do dostarczania przesyłek dronami. Drona z modułem cargo zapewniającego stabilne warunki dostawy. Hangaru (drone nest), który samodzielnie serwisuje drona: od wymiany baterii do drobnych napraw. Ostatni element to infrastruktur nawigacyjna. Każdy moduł jest autonomiczny, co znacznie zmniejsza ingerencję człowieka w proces dostawy.
Firma Pentacomp zapewnia oprogramowanie, które składa się z trzech elementów: Drone-based delivery, Drone&Infrastructure maintenance system, U-Space management system. Umożliwiają one zarządzanie zarówno przesyłką, jak i miejską przestrzenią powietrzną oraz konserwację infrastruktury.

W czasie wydarzenia zaprezentowaliśmy drona i hangar (drone nest). Airvein przyciągnęło uwagę uczestników Kongresu, dziennikarzy i Premiera RP, Mateusza Morawieckiego. Zaprezentowaliśmy nasze rozwiązanie Panu Premierowi, który był bardzo zadowolony z rezultatów naszej pracy.
Projekt Airvien ma wsparcie finansowe Narodowego Centrum Badań i Rozwoju. Daje nam to duże możliwości przyszłego ulepszania naszego przedsięwzięcia.
Widzimy się na Europejskim Kongresie Gospodarczym 2019!