Industry 4.0 is around you. Smartphones, smart homes, electric cars, autonomous drones and all other smart devices. Day by day all items are becoming more independent, flexible, and cooperative. It’s all about technology that has evolved and transformed products’ life cycle. Digitisation of manufacturing is a huge step forward on the way we produce merchandises. The revolution of Industry 4.0 continues to transform human society, and today we want to look more in-depth on how new digital technology has risen and what kind of transformation brings to our life.
The revolution of Industry 4.0
The fourth revolution has adopted computers and automation for smart and autonomous systems powered by data and machine learning. Although the third industrial revolution implemented networks, right now they can connect and run without human involvement. A combination of cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Things and the Internet of Systems make Industry 4.0 smarter and efficient than ever before. The term Industry 4.0 was first used in Germany to improve effectiveness in the manufacturing industry.
Industry 4.0 and their predecessors
All four industrial revolutions have turning points in world history as they involved our life and work.
The first industrial revolution began in 1750 where people used water and steam power to mechanise production. Not to mention about source of energy like coal, oil, and natural gas which put machines into production. The term factory was becoming more popular.
The Second industrial revolution used electric power to introduce mass production. The electrification of factories contributed to mass production. That was an era of telegraphs and railroads either.
The Third revolution used electronics and information technology to automate creation. Interchangeably this revolution is named as the Digital Revolution because it turned analogue and mechanical systems into digital ones. This revolution is considered as a massive development in computers, information and communication technology.
And the fourth revolution we named a digital revolution by eliminating the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres. It has changed and customised mass production technologies by self-optimisation, self-cognition, and self-customization.
Unlike Europe, in the United States, there is Smart Manufacturing instead of Industry 4.0.
Industry 4.0 and their main features
– The smart factory is a term introduced by Industry 4.0. It relates to decentralised decisions in factories where cyber-physical systems monitor the physical processes,
– Interoperability – machines, devices, sensors, and people are connected to communicate with each other,
– Information transparency — systems can create a virtual copy of the physical world by sensor data to inspect the information,
– Technical assistance – the ability of systems to support humans in making decisions and solving problems. It also concerns about the ability of cyber-physical systems to assist humans in tasks that are too difficult or unsafe,
– Decentralised decision-making – the ability of cyber-physical systems to make decisions on their own and become as autonomous as possible.
Industry 4.0 brings us benefits like:
– New technology is a new era of high-level automation in producing and manufacturing
– Factories are a part of the Internet of Things where there are communication and cooperation between machines and humans in a real-time
– Massive amount of data collected for a better understanding of consumer behaviour and demand trends
– Smart marketing. The critical role here will play Artificial Intelligence which enables to make rapid personalisation process to improve targets. It allows to analyse the customers’ behaviour, personalise messages and take necessary action to meet with customers’ requirements. As an example, we can give Facebook Ads where users can tailor their marketing campaign.
– Supply chain and production with key elements; integrated planning and execution, logistics visibility, smart warehousing, efficient management and autonomous logistics. All these features can get great results in customer service, flexibility, efficiency, and cost reduction.
– Digital products and services – apart from mechanical and electrical parts every product combines hardware, sensors, data storage, microprocessors, software and connectivity. All of this is a huge step forward to be a fully connected and flexible system to adapt to new demands.
– Connected products – smart products are offering the opportunity for new functionality, reliability, and capabilities that traditional products don’t have.
Drones’ components in Industry 4.0
Many components implemented by Industry 4.0 are used now in the drone industry. All of them are highly beneficial for many business models as it offers new possibilities and approaches across Industry.
What part of the Fourth Industry’s components are involved in drones? Let’s see it below:
As you can see the revolution of Industry 4.0 is huge and still evolving. If you wish to get more information about it, please download full „Guideline on Industry 4.0 and Drone Entrepreneurship for VET students” on EduDrone platform.
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- 5 interesting facts about drones
- 10 things you didn’t know about drones